The biggest problem the environment faces today, in my opinion, is waste production. Most products we purchase come in at least two layers of packaging, and these packing materials are not always recyclable. The most common packing materials are soft plastics and cardboard. The cardboard packaging can be recycled but the plastic waste is more difficult to dispose of.
In 2015 Australians produced 883 kg/per capita of disposable waste. That's an 11% increase since 2007. This waste poses a threat to the environment as it is placed in landfill. Over time this waste breaks down and produces methane gas which in-turn adds to the green house gas effect. The plastic, commonly used for product packaging, doesn't always make it to landfill and often ends up in water ways. Marine life regularly mistake this plastic waste as a food source and eat the toxic plastic. This plastic is detrimental to the health of marine life and their environment.